Achievements

 

Summary of IMFLI progress achievements 2014-2015

Outputs Progress

Output1 :

Valuechainsoftargetedfood legumesstudiedandanalyzed

Ø    ParticipatorysurveyonfoodlegumevaluechainrealizedinallIP areas,datavalidatedandfinalizedwithallpartners.Workshops werealsoconducted inallIPsonwomen contributions infood legumesactivities.Studiesweredocumentedandedited.

Ø    FoodlegumesbaselinestudywasperformedinthefiveIPregions ona sampleof500householdfarmsconcerningsupplyanalysisand productioncosts.Datawerepresented inaworkshopinAbdaanda reportwasedited.

Ø    Basic   indicators were estimated and can be considered as referencesformeasuringtheimpactoftransferredtechnologiesat theIPslevel.

Ø    Afinalreportwaseditedonthedownstreamvaluechainanalysis thatidentify theinvestmentopportunitiestomaximizebenefitsfor smallfarmersandthecurrentandpotential foodlegumeprocessed productswitha businessplansfortheirimplementation.

Ø    Tworeports were editedonvaluechainpolicyanalysisrelatedtothe sectorgovernance,productivity andqualityofproduct,legume consumptionintermofnutritionandhealthandmarketingstrategy.

Output2:

Improved     varieties     tested     and

Ø    Results of on farm demonstration trials of five elite chickpea advanced linesandfivelentilbreeding lineswithyellowcotyledonat AinSbitandMarchouchlocationsshowedhighyieldandpotential

evaluated         through         on-farm

participatoryapproach

traitsformachineharvesting.

Ø     8Performantandlocally adaptedvarietiesofchickpea (3),lentil(2), fababean(2)andpea(1)weredemonstrate in81sitesofthe5IPs withIPM/ICMoptions.

Ø     Allthisperformantmaterialwasappreciatedbyvisitors(Farmers, localpartners,Indianpartners, OCPFmembers) duringdifferent demonstrationfielddays inIPs.

Output3:

Integrated cropmanagement options refinedandtestedby farmersInnovation platform coordinators

Ø     Performant ICM/IPM   options   (varieties, seed drill,   fertilization management,sowing date,sprayer adjustment,weed,diseasesand pestscontrol,combineadjustment) weretestedinfivefoodlegume innovationplatformsestablished intheregionsofAbda,Chaouia, Tadla-Azilal,Khémisset-Zemmour-Zaer, andMeknès-Taounatefor theimprovementandthesustainability oflegumeproduction systems.

Ø     InadditiontocontinuousadvicesbroughttofarmersatIPslevel alongthecroppingseason,many fielddays,workshopsand meetingswereorganized totrainthem,technicians andstudenton technologicaloptionswiththeparticipationof localpartners.

Output4:

Functionalvillage-levelbasedseed deliverysystemsestablished

Ø     TrainingworkshoponVBSEcreationinIPswasheldon14to15, January,2015todiscusspossibilitiesforsettingupproceduresat institutionalandorganizationallevelsandpracticalmeasuresforthe unit implementationandmanagement.

Ø     AbusinessplandraftforVSBEwaselaboratedandthreefarmers’ groupswereidentifiedatSidiAyyadCooperative; AlHilal Cooperative andGIEAitAtabaspotential candidates forVBSE establishment.

Ø     Atotalof36pioneerfarmersfromIPsofSais-Taounate,Chaouia andZaer,wereprovidedwithinputsandbasicseedforChickpea (25ha),Lentil(15ha)andFababean(19ha).Theybenefitted from technicalsupportalongthecroppingseason.

Ø     Atotalof95.6metrictonsofChickpea(51t),Lentil(25t)andFaba bean(20t)havebeenproducedthatenoughtocovermorethan

1000haofcropland.

Ø     12tonsoflentilseedsproducedbythemember oftheGIEAitAtab wastransferred totheCRRATadlaforcleaningandpackaging in ordertopromoteandsellsomeasaconditionedfarmer’sseedand otherasvaluedproductunderdifferentpackages

Ø     The 2015 VBSE piloting activities and outputs   show   that community seedproductionandmarketingistechnically feasible andeconomicallyprofitable.

Output5:

Value additionthroughpost- harvestprocessing,storageand labelingoffoodlegumes investigated

Ø     Theprincipalseedtransmittedpathogensweredocumentedand surveyed in the IP’s regions. Farmers from Zaer IP attended trainings on IPM strategy, especially the legume seed health module.

Ø     Adocumentreviewandanalysiswasrealizedontheuseoffaba bean on human consumption completed by a large survey on BissarapreparationmethodscarriedoutintheregionofTaounate.

Ø     Meetingsandatastingsessionofmanufacturedproducts(canned Bissara,Mangoub (freshordryfababean)andpeas)usinglocal ecotypes were organizedto raise awarenessof farmers   on the

  importanceof legumeprocessingformoreprofitability.

Output6:

Apilotknowledgeconnectivity systemusingdifferentICT toolsto meettheneedsofinformationand knowledgeoftargetedrural communitiesestablished

Ø     A draftproposalwaselaboratedonthebasicrequirementsfor a pilot callcenterestablishment todeliveragriculturalinformationand advisoryservices.

Ø     Interaction with Indian team to set up a character design for animationvideoonpost-harvest

Output7:

Pilotcommunitybased organizations(CBO/farmer aggregation)

Ø     CommunityBased Organization(CBO)wasreviewedandthesector

analysisresultswerevalidatedduringaworkshop heldineachIP. Thisstudywascompleted byadiagnosisonprofessional organizationandmarketingstrategyoffoodlegumesector.

Output8:

Backupresearchtoenhance technologygeneration,including, IPM/ICM,Cropimprovement, adaptedmechanizationcarriedout

Ø     Screeningtrialsofatotalof1352accessionsoffoodlegumecrops fromICARDAgenebanktoabioticandbioticstresses withbetter yieldandendusequalitysuitable formechanized harvesting in differentenvironmentsrevealed:

  • chickpeagermplasm:2linesresistanttoLeafminer, 2lines moderately resistanttoAscochytablightand189lines moderatelyresistant to Fusarium wilt and 14 genotypes havedemonstrateddesirabletraitsformachineharvest;
  • lentilgermplasm:15linesresistanttorustand48lineswith cmpleteresistancetoOrobancheand10promisinglines formachineharvesting;
  • fababeangermplasm1line wasresistanttoSitnaweevil.

Ø     Investigations on IPM   technologies showed   some interesting alternativesmethodstouseasIPMcomponentssuchasCelest seedtreatmenttocontrolStemborerandSitonaweevilonfaba bean,thebiological insecticideSpinetoramtoreduceLeafminer infestationonchickpea andthefungicidecuratoreffectivetocontrol chocolatespotonfababean.

Ø     ResultsoftrialsconductedinMerchouchExperimentalStationon

IPMoptionsshowed:

  • Aneffectivecntrlofweedinlentilcrpwiththreepre- emergenceherbicidesaleat planting.
  • A benefit effect of foliar fertilizatin was btained with ptassiumandphosphorus.
  • B

Ø     PreliminaryonfarmertestsconductedinElGara localityshowedthe efficiencyofbladehoeingtoolstocuttheweedsbetweenrowsof cropskeepingundisturbed thesoilprofile.Thatsavestheexcessive harvestlossesestimatedbetween20to25%inaprevious surveyin this zone.

Output9.Capacitybuildingand networkingof all stakeholders achieved

Ø     Capacitybuilding:

Morethan50fielddays,meeting,trainingandworkshops wereconducted inthedifferent IPsforhuman capacity building

Mutual institutional visits were organized to India and

Moroccobytheprojectmembers

10Mastersand5Ph.D.studentsareinvolvedinproject activities

 

Ø     Mediaandcommunication:

IMFLIactivitieswerereportedbylocalradioMedina

FM’duringtheannualreviewmeeting

More   than   40   reports,   posters,   flyers   and   3 communications werepresentedinvariousmeetings, conferencesandworkshops.

Output10. M&Esystem for project implementation, management and impact developedandmonitoredona regularbasis.

Ø     A review and utilize all valuable previous studies on project monitoringandassessmenthasbeendone.Fiveworkshopswere

organized for the development of qualitative and quantitative

indicatorsonsite.Asampleof500householdfarmsweresurveyed.

Ø     Abaselinestudyrealizedinthefiveselectedsitesandindicatorsof performance wereestimatedandcanbeconsidered asareference formeasuringtheimpactof theadoptionof IMFLI.

Ø     Aseminaryisscheduledbyagro-economists involvedintheimpact studiesforthevalidationandtheexaminationofpracticalmodalities forM&Eimplementation.


Summary of IMFLI progress achievements 2015-2016

Outputs Progress

Output1 :

Valuechainsoftargetedfood legumesstudiedandanalyzed

  • On March 2, 2016, Socio-economic team presented results of three years’ activities conducted within the frame of IMFLI project on:
  • Social and organizational issues analysis,
  • Technical-economic characterization of the sector,
  • Downstream value chain analysis
  • Agricultural policy in food legume sector in Morocco

Output2:

Improved               varieties            tested and evaluated       through              on-farm

participatoryapproach

  • 8 Performant and locally adapted varieties of chickpea (4), lentil (1), faba bean (2) and pea (1) were demonstrate in 82 sites representing an area of 88.5 ha in the 5 IPs.
  • Attalf 64 farmers in Zaer region have received legume seeds for multiplication, demonstration and dissemination that cover an area of 49.5ha
  • A platform of
  • More than 10 years demonstration platform of no till technology for cereal/legumes system installed in Marchouch

Output3:

Integrated cropmanagement options refinedandtestedby farmersInnovation platform coordinators

  • 10 sub Innovationplatforms(IPs) were installed in the 5IPs andmtredfrraisingawarenessf farmersn gdagriculture practices fortheimprvementand thesustainabilityf legume pructionsystems.
  • Adequate fertilizers to equilibrate the soils fertility according to soil analyses carried out for all sites.
  • All IP coordinators attended the ICP and present posters concerning on going IMFLI activities in their respective regions
  • Representative farmers and partners from the IPs were invited to the ICP 18-20, 2016, Marrakech, Morocco.
  • Winter crops (Faba bean, lentil and chickpea) were substituted by Spring chickpea in Meknes, Al Kansara, Ain Sbit, Ait Attab, and Oulad Bouzid sub IPs.
  • Business Plans were finalized in all IPs for seed production and legumes processing.

Output4:

Functionalvillage-levelbasedseed deliverysystemsestablished

  • Business plan were finalized for three farmer groups for VBSE creation: GIE Ait Attab (Ait Attab/ Tadla-Azilal), Association Moullablad (Ain Sbit/Zaere) and GIE Wallili Beni Amar (Zerhoune/Meknes-Saiss).
  • Machines will be transferred to these groups as soon as administrative formalities will be done to process the harvest of this year.
  • Platforms for seed production and varieties demonstration of food legumes were installed in INRA Stations of Marchouch and under irrigation in Afourar (Tadla).

Output5:

Value additionthroughpost- harvestprocessing,storageand labelingoffoodlegumes investigated

  • A women association (Al Wafaa) was identified in Ain Kansara and members were trained for the establishment of a unit of canned food legumes in bottles.
  • The project works also with a second cooperative (Rihab Cooperative) for preparing a mixed durum wheat couscous with food legume semolina.
  • Both farmer groups were invited for the promotion and exhibition of processed food legume products in different events organized as part of the project activities:
  • A day to celebrate the International Year of Pulses 2016 held on January 6,
  • The International Conference on Pulses held in Marrakech, 18-20 April
  • The National Competition LovePulses Showcase
  • Business plans were established for the two groups.
  • The local for the canning unit packaged in bottles is in preparation according to the standards required “for the authorization and approval in terms of health institutions and companies in the animal feed sector and the food industry ....”

Output6:

Apilotknowledgeconnectivity systemusingdifferentICT toolsto meettheneedsofinformationand knowledgeoftargetedrural communitiesestablished

  • Realization of the website IMFLI:
  • Production of a first draft of an animated video on food legumes roles in rotation system to disseminate information to farmers and agricultural counsellors on food legume crops production technics (rotation, sowing, weeding, diseases and pest control, harvest, post-harvest ....)
  • Preparation of a community Management Pack to Increase the visibility of the project activities in social networks.

Output7:

Pilotcommunitybased organizations(CBO/farmer aggregation)

  • A Diagnosis of professionals groups in the 5 at Innovation Platforms Level was performed.
  • Ways for the improvement and the rehabilitation of professional groups were identified.
  • Professional Agricultural Organisation proposed in the 5 IPs:
    • Meknes-Saiss, Site Kansara: El wafaa Association;
    • Fes: Rihab cooperative
    • Zerhoun Site: GIE Walili
    • Tadla-Azilal: GIE Ait Attab
    • Zaeres: Moullablad Association
    • Doukala-Abda: The cooperative Ait Taleb
    • Chaouia Ouardigha: Association Achourouk

Output8:

Backupresearchtoenhance technologygeneration,including, IPM/ICM,Cropimprovement, adaptedmechanizationcarriedout

q  Screening trials of a total of 909 accessions of food legume from ICARDA gene bank to abiotic and biotic stresses with better yield and end use quality suitable for mechanized harvestingin Experimental Stations of INRA Marchouch, Douyet and Allal Tazi revealed:

  • 2 chickpea lines that confirm their resistant to leaf miner for the second year and 4 lines were moderately resistant,
  • 10 faba bean lines were resistant to stem borer (Lixus).
  • A single plant selections resistant to Ascochyta blight
  • 19 lines were resistant to Ascochyta blight
  • 8 faba bean lines were moderately resistant to Fusarium wilt;
  • Released Kabuli chickpea cultivars of INRA (Moubarak, Farihane, Arifi and Douyet) and other ICARDA elite lines were highly resistant to wilt/root rots.
  • Of 50 tolerant and moderately tolerant lentil lines to post-emergence herbicides tested, 5 were found as tolerant to Metribuzin, 1 genotype has demonstrated moderate tolerance to Imazethapyr and 19 genotypes were moderately tolerant to Metribuzin. (Promising source for the development of herbicide tolerant lentil cultivar, to be validate next season).
  • Screening trials for lentil resistance to Orobanche and for machine harvesting were failed due to severe drought during early stage of the crop growth. These trials will be repeated in the upcoming season, 2016-17 to confirm the results.

q  Researches on IPM-Food Legume Insects using some selected chemical and biological insecticides against Chickpea Leafminer, Liriomyza cicerina revealed that the chemical insecticide Abamectin (25 cc / hl) was the most effective during two years’ trials (2015 and 2016) followed by the biological insecticide Azadirachtin (40 cc/hl). All insecticides gave significant increase of the total weight and seeds weight. Thereby, it was suggested that the two insecticides should be on-farm tested in the different IPs during the coming season. Furthermore, the study during two years of the Population dynamics of Lixus algirus (Col., curculionidae) on Faba bean minor and major at Douyet Station revealed spreading of its cycle from early February to 23 May.

q  Researches on IPM-Food Legume Insects showed that:

  • Using some selected chemical and biological insecticides against Chickpea Leafminer, Liriomyza cicerina revealed that the chemical insecticide Abamectin (25 cc / hl) was the most effective during two years’ trials (2015 and 2016) followed by the biological insecticide Azadirachtin (40 cc/hl). All insecticides gave significant increase of the total weight and seeds weight. Thereby, it was suggested that the two insecticides should be on-farm tested in the different IPs during the coming season.
  • Two years’ study of the Population dynamics of Lixus algirus (Col., curculionidae) on Faba bean minor and major at Douyet Station revealed spreading of its cycle from early February to 23 May.
  • Furthermore, Studies on IPM-Food legume diseases showed:
  • The possibility to manage effectively Ascochyta blight attack on chickpea through the applications of Curator at different growth sages of moderately resistant cv. Farihan,
  • The two fungicides Cherokee and Qaurdris can be used to control faba bean chocolate spot and rust by means of 1-2 sprays at vegetative and flowering stages.
  • The evaluation of the efficacy of pre- and post-emergence herbicide for weed control in winter and spring sown chickpea confirm that c

Output9:

Capacitybuildingand networkingof all stakeholders achieved

q  Capacity building:

  • 5 Ph.D, 10 Masters and a number of PFE students were involved in project activities

q  Non-degree training for students and young professionals

  • Two sessions were held in Meknes for the benefit of students from Agricultural High Schools on the importance of food legumes.
  • 121 students from different universities and Agricultural Schools participate to the ICP 18-20 April 2016, Marrakech. Some of them were granted by the project.  

q  Capacity Building of Farmers and Partners

  • Field days were organized in the 10 sub Innovationplatforms(IPs) along the year frraisingawarenessf farmersn gdagriculture practices fortheimprvementand thesustainabilityf legume pructionsystems.
  • Special field days were also organized on March to promote spring sowing chickpea as a substitute to winter legumes to mitigate losses due to the drought.
  • Workshops were held in all IPs with the presence of farmers and local partners for the finalization of the Business Plan.
  • Two training workshops were held (January 4 to 6 and May 10 to 11 2016) for capacity building of Al Wafaa Association members on food legumes processing and valorization techniques
  • Farmers and partners from all IPs were invited to the ICP 18-20, 2016, Marrakech.
 

q  Media and communication:

  • Media coverage of IMFLI activities during this year was intense : about 10 televised and radio broadcasts and over 20 articles in the national press.
  • Celebration of   International Year of Pulses 2016:
  • Food Legumes Recipes Demonstration Day held at INRA Rabat, January 6th, 201. Oover twenty-based food legume dishes were prepared and tasted by over 250 people.
  • Organization of the National Competition LovePulses Showcase.
  • Organizing a special IMFLI stand to promote IMFLI activities and to exhibite innovation food legumes based products.
  • Contribution of Mr. Boujnah with the other National winners of the Competition Showcase LovePulses in preparing a booklet on innovative products food legumes based which was presented during the International Food Technology 2016 in Chicago, USA, on 16-19 July 2016.
  • Organization of the International Conference on Food Legumes Marrakech- in Morocco, on April 18th to 20th, 2016.
  • Participation of Moroccan delegation in the third Annual Review Meeting held in India at MSSRF, Chennai on March 14-15, 2016.
  • Mr Abdelali Lamari participation in the conference on food legumes in Dijon – France, 31 May- 1 June 2016

ü  a specific IMFLI logo was elaborated to promote the visual identification of project.

Output10:

M&Esystem for project implementation, management and impact developedandmonitoredona regularbasis.

q  23 impact performance indicators were defined for the establishment of the baseline database for monitoring and evaluation of the project impact.

Output 11:

Pro-food legumes enabling policy explored and documented

q  Recommendations of socio-economic studies conducted within the IMFLI project framework were solemnly adopted by MAPM during the Ministery presentation at the ICP held in Marrakech from 18 to 20 April 2016.

q  Professionals have taken ownership these recommendations and are being organize themselves according to the law on the inter-profession.

q  Celebrating the Food Legume year 2016 proclaimed by the United Nations has given more visibility to IMFLI at the National and International level.

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